Journal of 3D Printing in Medicine Vol. 5 No. 1 | Commentary

3D printing in surgical simulation: emphasized importance in the COVID-19 pandemic era


Brief review of 3D printing in surgical simulation

Historically, surgical training was an apprenticeship model of see one, do one, teach one. However, a proficiency-based training approach has become increasingly implemented for assessing surgical skills with performance scores used as benchmarks to track trainee proficiency [1]. Surgical simulators are starting to be utilized more to assess proficiency in trainees on certain procedures with many residency programs having simulation as a piece of their training curriculum. Today, simulation in surgical training takes many forms. Live animals and cadavers are often implemented since these simulators can simulate operating on realistic tissue and on human anatomy respectively. There are also basic simulators that are models that simulate a component of an operation such as suturing or knot-tying. These help trainees practice certain surgical skills necessary for completing a procedure. Some of these simulators have become more complex and simulate several steps or even an entire procedure such as joint replacements and fixating fractures [1].

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